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Similar to the single atlas methods each landmark was represented by spherical labels centered on the landmarkThe final sample size used in all figures and statistical tests were 36This is an exact duplication of the original in full color precisely as Playfair hand colored the original, complete with fold-out charts It includes, within two covers, both the 3rd edition of Playfair's classic, Atlas, as well as his Statistical Breviary in which the pie chart is invented and expanded upon to brilliantly allow the easy comparison of the resources of European countries It includes an extensive biography of William Playfair as well as annotations to help place the text into perspectiveRead moreReviews & endorsements'William Playfair's Commercial and Political Atlas and his Statistical Breviary are among the most important works in the entire history of statistical graphics and data visualizationUnfortunately, this require making series of assumptions in geometric arrangements of the anatomical features of interest, which may not be easily generalized to new annotation tasks, especially when different taxa or anatomical systems are consideredElmoreNo preview available - 2006 whether there is any bias in the outcome depending on from which sample the process initiated from), then compare single vs multi-atlas based automatic landmarking processes and evaluate them against manual annotation, which we refer to as Gold Standard (GS)Results in the main text were based on SBACancel Ian Spence and Howard Wainer are to be congratulated for this initiativeMethods Dataset and imaging The current study population is a subset of our unpublished dataset consisting of mandibles from a mixed population of C57BL/6J mice there were chronically exposed to different dosages of ethanol solution in-uteroZIP Codes: 94501, 94502, 94546, 94577, 94601, 94602, 94603, 94605, 94606, 94607, 94608, 94609, 94610, 94611, 94612, 94613, 94618, 94619, 94621, 94702, 94703, 94704, 94705, 94708, 94720 Are you sure you want to delete your account? This cannot be undoneThese resources are provided free of charge by Cambridge University Press with permission of the author of the corresponding work, but are subject to copyrightSingle atlas annotation performed poorlyHowever, unlike the individual samples that constitute it, the surface selection on an atlas is non-trivialBibliographic informationTitlePlayfair's Commercial and Political Atlas and Statistical BreviaryAuthorWilliam PlayfairEditorsHoward Wainer, Ian SpenceContributorsHoward Wainer, Ian SpenceEditionillustrated, reprintPublisherCambridge University Press, 2005ISBN0521855543, 9780521855549Length195 pagesSubjectsLanguage Arts & Disciplines:Library & Information Science:GeneralLanguage Arts & Disciplines / Library & Information Science / GeneralMathematics / Probability & Statistics / GeneralScience / HistorySocial Science / Statistics  Export CitationBiBTeXEndNoteRefManThe Mathematical Association of America OnlineSee more reviews Customer reviews Not yet reviewedBe the first to review Log in to review Review was not posted due to profanity , create a review (If you're not , sign out) Please enter the right captcha value Please enter a star ratingAdditional files Additional file 1: Figure S1About 1 in 200 transplant patients in the United States gets KSResults Atlas sensitivity to initial sample To measure whether the initializing sample causes any bias in the outcome of the final atlas constructed, we tested for different outcomes by choosing unique initiating samplesIn these cases, averaging the landmark locations yielded a good result even if there were more than two outliers in template landmark locationsFurther research needs to be done to validate the consistency of variance-covariance matrix estimates from both methods with larger sample sizesA Paired Mann-Whitney U test was used to test for differences in digitization errors in each automated method with respect to gold standard at p=0.01However, unlike the improved atlas method, they were not reduced to a single best estimate, but all of them contribute to the final estimate to varying degreesNeighborhoods: Acorn-Acorn Industrial, Adams Point, Allendale, Arrowhead Marsh, Arroyo Viejo, Bancroft Business-Havenscourt, Bartlett, Bella Vista, Brookfield Village, Bushrod, Caballo Hills, Castlemont, Chabot Park, Chinatown, Civic Center, Claremont, Clawson, Cleveland Heights, Clinton, Coliseum, Coliseum Industrial, Columbia Gardens, Cox, Crestmont, Crocker Highland, Dimond, Downtown, Durant Manor, East Peralta, Eastmont, Eastmont Hills, Elmhurst Park, Fairfax, Fairfax Business-Wentworth-Holland, Fairview Park, Fitchburg, Foothill Square, Forestland, Fremont, Frick, Fruitvale Station, Gaskill, Glen Highlands, Glenview, Golden Gate, Golf Links, Grand Lake, Harrington, Hawthorne, Hegenberger, Highland, Highland Terrace, Hiller Highlands, Hoover-Foster, Iveywood, Ivy Hill, Jefferson, Joaquin Miller Park, Lake Merritt, Lakeshore, Lakewide, Las Palmas, Laurel, Leona Heights, Lincoln Highlands, Lockwood Tevis, Longfellow, Lynn-Highland Park, Maxwell Park, McClymonds, Melrose, Merritt, Merriwood, Mills College, Millsmont, Montclair, Montclair Business, Mosswood, Mountain View Cemetery, North Kennedy Tract, North Stonehurst, Northgate, Oak Center, Oak Tree, Oakland Airport, Oakland Ave-Harrison St, Oakmore, Old City-Produce And Waterfront, Panoramic Hill, Paradise Park, Patten, Peralta-Hacienda, Peralta-Laney, Piedmont, Piedmont Avenue, Piedmont Pines, Pill Hill, Prescott, Produce And Waterfront, Ralph Bunche, Rancho San Antonio, Redwood Heights, Reservoir Hill-Meadow Brook, Rockridge, Saint Elizabeth, San Pablo Gateway, Santa Fe, Sausal Creek, School, Seminary, Sequoyah, Shafter, Sheffield Village, Shepherd Canyon, Skyline-Hillcrest Estates, Sobrante Park, South Kennedy Tract, South Prescott, South Stonehurst, Temescal, Toler Heights, Trestle Glen, Tuxedo, Upper Dimond, Upper Laurel, Upper Peralta Creek-Bartlett, Upper Rockridge, Waverly, Webster, Woodland, Woodminster The Introduction gives readers a fascinating portrait of Playfair's life and reminds us of how much of a struggle it is to introduce new ideasPlayfair's work has great relevance to contemporary science, but finding copies of his original versions is very difficultAbout the author(2005)Howard Wainer is Distinguished Research Scientist for the National Board of Medical Examiners and Adjunct Professor of Statistics at the Wharton School of the University of PennsylvaniaImproved single atlas annotation Due to the arbitrariness of selecting the surface on atlas, we explored the option of using a subset of manual annotations to estimate the positions of the landmarks on atlasAbbreviations CF: craniofacial COLLATE: consensus level, labeler accuracy, and truth estimation DRAMMS: deformable registration via attribute matching and mutual-saliency weighting EDMA: euclidean distance matrix analysis GMM: geometric morphometric methods GPA: generalized procrustes analysis GS: gold standard LM: landmark MAAP: multi-atlas annotation procedure microCT: micro computed tomography MV: majority vote PC: principal component SBA: shape based averaging STAPLE: simultaneous truth and performance level estimation VCV: variance-covariance 07f867cfac